11 Jan 2015
Ideas from Indeterminacy in music for CINEMA
Ideas and approaches that a filmmaker can apply from Indeterminacy in MUSIC for CINEMA:
Indeterminacy in music is represented by three main tendencies:
- Chance music – indeterminacy at the level of composition. During the writing of the piece, the composer employs a chance procedure. Once the work is finished, the score is followed exactly in the same way all traditional music scores are. Representative composer: John Cage.
- Aleatory music – indeterminacy at the level of performance. The performer is asked to make decisions which will affect either details or even the form of the piece. Representative composers: Pierre Boulez, Karlheinz Stockhausen, Luciano Berio, etc.
In many instances elements of chance music and aleatory music coexist in the same work. (John Cage).
- Stochastic music – indeterminacy at the level of composition but involving strict mathematical tools (stochastic distributions). Representative composer: Iannis Xenakis.